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PCB Manufacturing Process – The Functional Part

PCB Manufacturing Process - The Functional Part

PCB is Printed Circuit Board; it is made up of copper by etching copper clad. It is also called printed wired board (PWB). Raw Printed Circuit Board is Printed Circuit Board without components and with components it is called PCB assembly i.e. raw Printed Circuit Board with electronic components.

There are basically two types of raw Printed Circuit Board:

  • Single sided board with single track of copper layer.
  • Double sided board with two tracks of copper layer.

There are also multi layer printed circuit boards that have more than two layers of copper. The material used is thin copper foil for conductive layer and insulating material for the base. There are several methods for producing Printed Circuit Board such as:

  • Copper Etching.
  • PCB Milling.
  • Screen Printing.

PCB milling is least used nowadays as it is not that effective for the mass production of Printed Circuit Boards and hence is used for prototype production i.e. production in limited numbers. Copper etching method is most widely used across the world but the screen printing method is very cost effective as compared to others, although it provides less quality products.

PCB Manufacturing Process - The Functional Part

The whole manufacturing process of Printed Circuit Board is:

First of all the quotation is prepared according to the one’s requirement of the Printed Circuit Boards. All the requirements such as number of tracks of conducting layer, price range etc. must be quoted. Then this quotation is sent to the manufacturer.
Once the manufacturer receives the quotation he goes for pre engineering of the data received.

Then the CAD/CAM department checks it for mistakes.
If any mistakes are found the customer is immediately intimated. Once the mistakes are resolved, and everything is correct, then the engineers start working on it.

Flow of PCB Manufacturing Process is:

Setup -> imaging -> etching -> Multilayer Pressing -> Drilling -> Plating -> Masking -> Finishing -> Quality Control -> Testing.

Tips For Outsourcing PCB Assembly and Prototype Manufacturing

Tips For Outsourcing PCB Assembly and Prototype Manufacturing

It often does not make sense to invest in expensive production equipment if you just want to spin a few prototypes and instead outsource your PCB assembly and prototype manufacturing to a reliable vendor. I will give some tips as to what to watch out for when looking for a contract manufacturer.

Many contract manufacturers will offer an instant quote mechanism on their website for manufacture of circuit boards and assembly of prototypes. This will save you time when comparing different vendors. Make sure that the quote system allows you to enter all of the details, such as board material, thickness, copper thickness, milling etc. so that you can get an accurate quote without any surprises later on.

Usually the cost per board will decrease as quantity increases. This is due to the fairly high setup cost of circuit board manufacturing and component assembly. Some vendors will use a system where they combine boards from several customers. This way the setup cost will be distributed amongst several customers. When you manufacture a product, you obviously do not want to have to manufacture a large quantity of boards right away while you refine your design.

One limitation with small-quantity prototypes though is that the choice of materials and material thicknesses will be limited. If you are using a special material then chances are there won’t be any other customers using the same material. In addition, lead time plays a big role in determining cost. A longer lead time allows the manufacturer more freedom in slotting your production. This is typically reflected in lower costs which you will see in the quote section. Obviously if you are in a rush and want to be moved to the top of the pile you will need to spend more money.

Make sure that your contract manufacturer will support the file format for manufacture that you provide. The most common format for PCB manufacture is the Gerber format but some vendors will also accept board files from common PCB software products. Some suppliers also offer in-house PCB design. Even if you design your board yourself, picking a vendor with design services may prove useful in case there is a problem with your files. In this case your vendor can make quick changes which will avoid costly delays.

Tips For Outsourcing PCB Assembly and Prototype Manufacturing

When subcontracting China PCB fabrication and assembly, ensure that your vendor can assemble all of the package types that your board uses. Some vendors cannot assemble certain type of IC packages such as BGA, chip-scale packages or very small component types. If in doubt be sure to contact your vendor ahead of time.

Some contract manufacturers will carry an inventory of standard SMT and through-hole components. You will save time if you can pull from your vendor’s inventory rather than purchasing each component yourself. Make sure to specify which components you wish to consign yourself when you upload your bill of materials.

Most vendors will also offer manufacture of the SMT stencil which is required for PCB assembly. Be sure to order the stencil right away when ordering the circuit boards themselves to avoid delays.

To ensure that your circuit boards will work, be sure that your vendor is quality certified and offers the tests and board inspection methods that are required. Please note, however, that certain tests, such as ICT testing requires additional time and cost to prepare suitable test fixtures.

Importing From China – A Growing U.S. Business

In an article published on the Huffington Post in 2013, Jillian Berman points out the startling fact that 94 percent of American flags are imported from China, which can immediately make anyone think that the large numbers are due to the convenience of transporting flags. The more startling truth is that there is a marked increase in the number of products imported into the U.S. from China. We are seeing a large number of Chinese products flooding into the US market creating a mostly positive impact on small to medium size businesses. We believe this is due, in part, to the exorbitant prices for similar goods produced in the U.S. A good number of retailers simply can’t afford to buy the quantity necessary to get enough of a discount to compete, forcing many of them to turn to China for supply.

More and more business owners and entrepreneurs are learning that if they import products from China can constitute the gold mine they want for their business and create more product choices for their customers. It is astounding to see the huge variety of products available from overseas. Retailers can choose from just about any type of product to import, including; clothing, canned food, pet accessories, and electronic devices-all sold at a fraction of the U.S. prices. However, knowing how the buying process works in China can make the experience more rewarding and eliminate potential problems.

While buying products from China can be one of the key decisions in changing the landscape of any small to medium size business, it does not come without risk.

China is a notorious hot spot for selling fake and low quality products. Of course, this does not apply to all suppliers, but it’s important to know how to spot the unscrupulous ones. Aside from this, there is also the language barrier, time zone and culture difference. But the biggest obstacle may be not being able to regularly visit suppliers in order to audit their operation and product quality.

So to limit your risk exposure, it is imperative that businesses work with professional sourcing agents to locate and purchase the right products. As a retail business operating in the USA, it will be a key decision to partner with an agent who can work directly with manufacturers and suppliers to locate and negotiate great wholesale and retail deals for them in China. Aside from the problem issues mentioned above that many business owners have to overcome to make deals with manufacturers in China, there are other aspects of the business that a competent sourcing agent can also handle more efficiently, such as finding the best supplier, checking out their reputation, handling product QC and doing the grunt work to ensure that products are shipped according to purchase agreements.

With the right sourcing agent working from China, start-up and existing retail businesses can make a lot of profit in the U.S. market selling imported products from China.

The Coming Dominance of The Mandarin Language in Global Markets

The Coming Dominance of The Mandarin Language in Global Markets

Truly there is no such thing as a constant situation, even languages are changing, mainly the languages for the global economy. Today, it has become important for the corporations and business people to speak and understand international languages. People should therefore understand enough about the importance of learning international languages in dealing businesses and important global events.

Nowadays, the global market is getting multilingual because of the increasing competence of more and more countries in terms of business. Recently, Mandarin has become a favourite choice as a language to learn, not only to get the pleasure of learning this language and culture, but also because it a useful tool in business dealings with Chinese people.

The People’s Republic of China is the world’s second largest economy today, next to the United Sates, and it is world’s fastest growing economy. Because of this, foreign investors and international companies are being attracted to do business in mainland China. The truth is that speaking a foreign language is not just an advantage, but it’s a requirement as well. Being able to speak and communicate in the global arena using the Mandarin language could potentially lead corporations to global success.

Moreover, foreign people would invest time and effort to learn Mandarin. However, because of the complexities and peculiarities of the language, it is not that easy to learn that language. Due to the booming economy of China, foreign investors and trading relationships with China are in demand, thus, the number of foreign companies seeking Chinese translation services are increasing. In addition, because of the in demand use of the Mandarin language for global businesses, it is also becoming a common language in educational institutions. But learning it require extensive time, knowledge and practice. Thus, serious work is highly needed.

The Coming Dominance of The Mandarin Language in Global Markets
Although standard Mandarin is widely spoken in various parts of Asia such as in China, Hongkong, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia and Macau, this language is still considered one of the most difficult languages to learn. Hence, there is a continuously increasing demand of interpreting and translation services for Mandarin Chinese.

Nowadays, China is becoming an important country for international businesses, and its main products, from agriculture to machineries are being patronized by people around the world because they are affordable. For the same reason, most foreign companies are attracted to do business with the Chinese people. Ideally, business meetings or business documents that are important should be scripted in the Chinese language, particularly in Mandarin.

Just like the importance of learning foreign languages, providing an accurate translation for any reason is also significant. Hence, clients should seek a professional and reputable translation company that can ensure high quality products of translation and interpreting services. Due to globalization and the booming economy of China, economists believe that there is a continuing dominance of the Chinese economy in the global arena. Therefore, interpreting and translation services in the Mandarin language will continue to experience a boom.

Tips to Consider Before Importing

Tips to Consider Before Importing

The following are some of the tips that can help you make your importing exercise easy and stress free, both to you and to your business.

1) Determine if there is a local market for the goods that you intend to introduce

It is important for you to make sure that there is a reliable market demand for the goods that you intend to procure from outside the country. This will help shield you from any unnecessary losses. It can be hard on you and your business to find that all the time, effort and money expended in importing a consignment of goods is bound to be wasted due to lack of demand for the end products that will be manufactured.

Forming focus groups that will research and find out if the market is interested in what you have to offer will help you know how much inventory you will allow the business to keep in its stores. It will also enable you to know how much money you want to spend on purchasing goods outside the country.

2) Find out if you are legally allowed to import the items you have purchased

It will help if you have a legal compliance department in your business. If you cannot afford to run one, then you should have a lawyer working with you. Choose one that is an expert in international law and laws pertaining to the customs departments. This is the person who will tell you whether the items being imported are legally allowed in the country or not. Failure to get legal representation could end up in you importing contraband such as arms, ivory tusks and so on. By having good legal representation before making the import, your business will have saved face.

Tips to Consider Before Importing

3) Estimate the costs of importing the goods in question

Before placing an order with a company outside your country’s borders, it would be prudent to list down all the costs associated with the whole exercise. Some of these costs might include:

1) The cost of storing the goods before they reach your warehouse

2) Duties and taxes that have to be paid at customs checkpoints

3) Charges for using brokers and freighters at ports, harbors and border checkpoints.

The best thing to do is to have a team of trusted employees whose only job will be handling the clearance of the goods bought into the country. This will help you by giving you free time that you can use to focus on other things.

Wish to increase your trade profit margins? Start thinking about importing from China!

It can accurately be said that, in economic terms, China has arisen as a spot-on global power. It is still a budding market, evolving very speedily and, as such, has many intricacies. So where, in terms of imports from China, do the prospects lie for USA companies? Many USA firms are comparatively small businesses and some may feel overawed when it comes to embracing China’s business culture. Occasionally, however, it is essential to take a new direction and take risks, although calculated ones.

In USA, the logistics are simple: if you always purchase your merchandises from recognized suppliers in the USA, you usually get what you order when you require it. This is beneficial in terms of both cash flow and stock control. The downside is that you are likely to be selling merchandises that seem duplicated to those which are obtainable in all parts of the nation. Moreover, your profit margins will be enfeebled by your suppliers’ rates, particularly if you are a trivial company, with the superlative discounts always kept back for the biggest patrons. Therefore, to secure improved sales and amplified profit margins, it will be indispensable to look overseas and in today’s market, the most evident solution is importing from China to US.

To find the veracious supplier when you import from China can be a genuine ordeal, with plainly zillions of website entries. So, how to import from China, it is vital to find a dependable product sourcing China agent, who will be your protector angel and ensure that the merchandises you are buying are of the veracious quality and condition. It is conceivable to find a worthy agent yourself, although you may find it useful to approach the trade branch of the embassies of China. They have reliable agents on their books and can recommend you of their numerous specialisms. You can also attend trade exhibitions, often held by embassies so as to make beneficial relations. Another way of finding an agent is to approach your native USA trade association. They will have an affluence of information on foreign agencies in addition to other worthwhile information.

If your trade association publishes a once-a-month or three-monthly magazine, make certain that you subscribe to it, as there may well be valuable advertisements or features on this topic. One more beneficial source of information and business contacts is by attending global trade fairs.

Steps to Find Suppliers From China

Several years ago goods imported from China were considered to be cheap and of low quality. Today, times have changed and you will now find that goods from China are not that bad at all. As an importer you will have to first ascertain the product that you want to import from China factories. It is very important that you first check out the rates of the product with local manufacturers and suppliers. A simple way of ascertaining this is by asking for quotes from different local manufacturers and suppliers. Once the quotes are received, you will have to analyze the quotes and check out the lowest rates.

There are times where the lowest bidder may not have the right infrastructure to develop the desired product. In such cases selecting the lowest vendor may not be the right thing. If you plan to china product sourcing or buy products from suppliers, then you will surely get the price advantage, however, you may not get the best quality. If your company is a private limited company or a public limited company, then you will have to set up a purchase committee to decide on the China supplier or manufacturer. This purchase committee generally consists of the business heads and stakeholders. In many instances, the entire committee may visit China and meet up with the shortlisted China vendors. During these meetings several things are discussed and many questions are asked. In some instances, a series of meetings would be held to arrive at a decision.

Selecting a China Supplier is very similar to selecting a candidate, but selecting a vendor brings in many key aspects that need to be kept in mind. A China supplier or manufacturer is completely different from a supplier or manufacturer from UK or US especially in terms of business processes. Therefore, as an importer, you will have to align your business processes with that of the China manufacturer or supplier. There is a lot of relationship building that you will have to do with the China wholesale suppliers. United States and United Kingdom importers are generally seen taking gifts for their China counterparts.

Are you looking for new strategies to source products from China or importing from China, then the first aspect which needs to be kept in mind is to find a trustworthy and reliable supplier. A good idea in finding some of the best suppliers in China is by asking references. There are some very good websites of suppliers, hence you are likely to get discounts right away from the potential buyers. It is advisable to get references from the United Kingdom company, if you are United Kingdom based company. It is necessary for the supplier to provide atleast one reference so that you can enquire about its services. If any supplier is hesitant in providing with references then, look out for some other supplier in China. You can also ask for lab testing documents, or samples of quality control checklist.

Reduced Risks With Cost Effective OEM Appliance Parts

There are many business sectors where OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) appliance products have their uses. However, as per the recent trend, these items are most common in the home appliance industry. The business of home appliances is the most successful enterprising venture in the commercial world. These electronic devices have taken the market by the storm. A vast set of appliances including washing machines, HVAC systems, vacuum cleaners, microwaves, refrigerators and dishwashers, etc. come under this category of products. These gadgets have invaded into our personal spaces and have found their stead in our homes, cutting across the existing socio-economic borders. Popularity of these devices is not just limited within the domestic limits. Some of these like coffee machines, air conditioning machines, and others are equally popular in the workplaces as well. The entire range of kitchen appliances has a huge application in the restaurants, hotels and in other commercial food hubs.

The OEM sector has come into prominence in the last few years or so. It has mostly evolved as a derivative of this appliance manufacturing industry. There are many advantages that the appliance spares are provided by OEM services. Firstly, installing these spares is hassle free that involves almost zero-risk operations. This operational simplicity has provided the maximum impetus for the growth of OEM appliance parts in the recent time. The year 2012 has witnessed considerable economic slowdown. Yet, in spite of this the OEM industry in the USA has experienced a near 3% growth. This single bit of information itself speaks in volume about the overwhelming fortunes of this sector. It has in fact, opened up a brand new possibility of generating income in the business world. Many retail outlets have come up with their services. Business is showing some excellent signs of health along with prosperity.

Given the high rate of return, almost all the prominent equipment manufacturers are thoroughly involved into production of the OEM spares these days. Kenmore range parts happen to be one of the highest selling items among the customers. Kenmore is one of the most prominent appliance manufacturing brands in the world including the United States. It has a wide range of products and has a stunning across the country. The entire range of Kenmore appliance parts has made life easier for thousands of people. Cost of maintenance of these gadgets has come down to considerable extent with the introduction of the OEM appliance parts.

Retail OEM stores have flocked both across the online and the offline domains. There are plenty of virtual stores that are doing business with reputation. Authentic spares are available at these stores at undeniable prices. Havoc competition exists in the market which again prompts the huge potential that this business holds. Prompt shipping and timely delivery are the aspects that propel growth for these retailers. These enterprises have invested heavily in building stable networks to sustain their growth. The business of appliance spares including those of Kenmore range parts is showing massive success. It is the most promising business sector in the recent times and has a great future.

The Importance of Electronic Manufacture Service Providers

Today, most of the electronic manufacturing companies hire contract electronic manufacture service providers who have a team of skilled engineers and workers that are experienced in providing expert assembling services like PCB board assembly , front panel assembly in the most efficient manner possible. These companies not only offer assembling services but also create electronic equipment like PCB’s, electronic assemblies and more. The demand of these service providers is rising at a steady level as companies manufacturing electronic products need complex components like a printed circuit board for manufacturing electrical equipments at a large level. However, making these components and hiring a skilled workforce to handle the job as well as dealing with the rising demands of electronic products is quite impossible. Therefore, these electronic product manufacturing companies commission the assembly and production of these components to professional contract electronic manufacturers.

Before a company take the services of these contract electronic manufacturers , both the companies’ sign a deal stating that the contract electronic manufacture service provider will not put its name on the products that it will be creating or assembling for the original electronic products company. The contract allows the ordering company to place their name on the products. For example, if a company has hired a contract manufacturer for PCB board assembly then the assembler will not have their name on the assembled products but the company that placed the order in the first place, gets the right to stamp its name on the assembled PCB board. These service providers offer a wide range of services to companies including designing, creating, testing and distributing the electronic products. Apart from performing all these tasks, they also provide repairing services for old and damaged machinery.

Hiring a professional electronic contract manufacturing services to assist in your manufacturing tasks is a step in the right direction as they are run by experienced and expert people such as engineers and mechanics, who have years of experience and deep knowledge of all the assembling processes. Apart from that, these people have the right infrastructure, equipment and machinery to perform complex task like PCB board assembly in the best way possible. With the help of their reliable team of workers and a focused approach they are able to provide clients the best results within the deadline in the most efficient way possible.

With the help of the electronic manufacturing services provider, original electronic products companies’ can increase their production to make more profit, with lesser investment and minimum time. Nowadays, you can easily find a good assembly service provider online, offering great manufacturing services at reasonable prices. Some of these electronic manufacturers are reputed for their quality services and customer support.

Facts on Rolling Gate Repair Simi Valley Has to Offer For Safety of Highest Order

Security is the most important thing that you always look for everywhere around you. You will love to live or invest in a secured area. There are several ways you think about creating a line of safety around you. In your house, you lock the doors; close the security doors in an order to make it the best place to stay. You also care for your family and that is why you arrange for so many securities in your house. These days due to increasing crimes, there are several kinds of obstructions being created by the expert mechanics, so as to put everything in order and safety.

Increasing need of security measures in the city

There are several kinds of crimes going on and the corporate world is also affected by these types of disturbances. It is good to see your business growing, but it is equally important for you to see whether you are able to provide good security to your business or not. The overnight thefts and sudden attacks of the buglers have helped to give rise to a number of problems in and around the developing cities. In order to give the right kind of security measures, there are rolling gates offering to all the commercial places.

When you are going to buy a system like this, then you will have to see the following features in it:

1) Appearance

If you are searching for a good security system, then you should perhaps see for a good looking one as that will enhance the look of the area. There are several kinds of things that you can use and can have it for you, but it is not always good for you to get them. They are available in different colors and shapes.

2) Easy to handle

The roll up security systems are designed to make the things little handy for all. These are very easy to be used by anyone and so can be well fitted in the shops and other places, where businesses are carried out by the people. There are certain doors that work manually and certain numbers among them are of high end quality that works on electric motors.

3) Good for long time

You should see that the thing you are purchasing is good for you for the long time purpose. You can get the things in the right order if you will get the time to maintain them well. It is true that the maintenance work these days is hard to do as there are needs of good technicians for it. Gate Repair Simi Valley is here to help you repair and maintain your gates. All you need to do is to get in touch with the best company that provides excellent technicians, who are able to handle all sorts of problems. So, have a safety atmosphere in your work life with the best quality security system.